While initially the moon had no life, thanks in part to advanced genetic engineering many different lifeforms were created that resembled fictional Martian lifeforms as described in many books.
HistoryIt was discovered in 3192 alongside its parent planet Hyperion. Like Hyperion it has its own hub of Gates spread across the planet along with other Hyperion native ruins. These Gates lead to other worlds, mostly moons.The world was named Barsoom because of its resemblance to Mars geographically. The planet was
terraformed to better suit human life and soon Barsoomian civilization spread across the planet. Some of the human settlers even genetically engineered themselves to appear as the Martians described in the books written by Edgar Rice Burroughs. Animals were engineered to resemble the fictitious ones in the books as well.
Today Barsoom culture is very diverse but has tried to keep to the ones in the books as best as is possible.
Based off the Edgar Rice Burroughs books, the Barsoom culture is very diverse. There have even been places named after the nations, cities and kingdoms of the fictitious Barsoom. The nation of Helium is the largest on that world.