Kreonese is the main language of the United Alliance, used as the working and operative language of the nation, it is also used as the lingua franca among the very diverse communities of the nation. Almost all citizens have knowledge of this language, at least to a basic level. It is also spoken in other nations by UA populations.
Kreonese started in planet Kreon as separated language from Federal tongue, from which it is deeply connected, although it has evolved so greatly that communication is somehow impossible without translation aid.
It is related as well with the Imperial language, the Unionist Language and most notably with Sionese. All of them come from the so called Anarian Language Family.
The Language has a total of 196 Septilion native speakers and 212 Septilion speakers in total, adding native and second language speakers. Most live within the borders of the United Alliance but some communities of speakers of Kreonese exist within other Lewis Nations and even into other nations beyond the Perseus-Pisces Supercluster.
History of the Language
Kreonese started as a dialect from the Federal Tongue. Due to the isolation of Kreon from the rest of the nation, the worlds inside the Geminis area started to evolve distinct dialects of the national language. This dialect started to absorbed many alien features from other alien species that also inhabited the Geminis region, such as the Aldorian tongues, the Krizik languages and the Arati language among some others. This internal communication made the language absorb many alien grammar and vocabulary as well as diverging considerably from the Federal language to the point it was no more intelligible with it.
This started a feeling of uniqueness among Kreonese which busted nationalism and contributed to resentment against Intergalactic Federal government. Kreonese also expanded to other nearby planets. As Kreon gained more importance in the region, Kreonese started to influence the local planetary languages that, just as Kreonese, they had evolved in every planet in a similar way. Kreonese became a language of commerce in the region.
After the war of independence, Kreon was made the capital of the new nation, what brought Kreonese to an even more important and relevant position. Kreonese soon started to expand in the Geminis area, which meant that most of the local languages were extinct although they influence greatly on the Kreonese. This changed Old Kreonese to Medium Kreonese.
With the increase in side of the nation, the extensive colonization, the effect of time and the assimilation and exchange with other Alien nations, the language kept evolving in what was named Modern Kreonese. Medium and Modern Kreonese difference is minimal and some authors and linguists consider Medium and Modern Kreonese to be the same.
Kreonese became the first mean of communication in the nation by far, even among alien communities and distinct human peoples.
Nouns have three genders, but not cases. The masculine can be marked by either an "-a" or an "-i", while the feminine can be marked by an "-e" or a "-u". The "-o" or "-consonant" ending are for neutral nouns.
- "Monra" (man): Masculine noun with -a ending
- "Gomari" (company): Masculine noun with -i ending
- "Munre" (woman) : Feminine noun with -e ending
- "Kaladu" (ocean): Feminine noun with -u ending
- "Enkino" (child): Neutral noun with -o ending
- "Kisal" (spaceship): Neutral noun with -consonant ending
The plurals are made by adding an "n" to the end of the word: One example of it is the word "Dentra" which means "Train". The plural form, "Trains", would be written in Kreonese as "Dentran". Another example is words which end in consonant: In this case "on" is added. Example: "Tunran" (Nation) would be written as "Tunranon" (Nations) in plural.
There are two ways to form sentences in the Kreonese language: Formal and Informal. The Informal, daily way has a Verb+Subject+Object structure, while the Formal structure has a Subject+Object+Verb structure. This has been inherited from the original Imperial Language.
|It (Neutral Gender)||Lur|
When expressing belonging, the personal pronouns are added by -in at the end to be transformed into Possessive Adjectives. For example:
- "Yenin Tunra" means "my nation"
- "Tanin Ekinon" would mean "your children"
- "Selin Ekinon" would be "Her children"
- "Eremin Kisalon" meaning "Their (a group of only men) spaceships"
- "Luremin Kisalon" as "Their (a group of men, female and/or no gender individuals (aliens)) spaceships".
"I dont know what fruit to buy. i'll take THIS" - "Konoresse iki yen meko aon fira Bomur. Togenai yen mage"
- Singular forms
|Infinite||Translation||Far Past||Middle Past||Recent Past||Present||Close Future||Far Future|
The noun of this verbs would be taken by the removing of the r in the infinitive. For example, the Sleep or the Talk, would be Safe or Bashe. The verb in the sentence is always written in claps. This verb forms correspond to singular forms : I, you, he/she/it.
Example: "I talk to the woman" - "Bashesse yen aon munre" (informal) // "Yen aon munre Bashesse" (Formal)
- Plural Forms
|Infinite||Translation||Far Past||Middle Past||Recent Past||Present||Close Future||Far Future|
The verb forms correspond to the plural forms: We, You, They. In Kreonese language Rom, Bom, Erem/Selem/Lurem.
- The Far past makes reference to actions that happened in the very distant past, usually a month, a year, a decade or a milenia ago. For example: I had brushed my hair or I brushed my hair when I had it long.
- The Middle Past makes reference to the actions that happened yesterday and the week before the present moment. For example: I brushed my hair (yesterday).
- The Present tense, indicates an action that happens now. There is another form for the present, instead of the more static present "-SSE(N)", the form "-DERE(N)" that means an ongoing action and is an equivalent to the English "-ing". For example: Yomadere or Yomaderen meaning continuity, would translate as "Eating". The ending on "-KEN" would correspond to the participle form of the verbs. Example: Yomaken - "Eaten".
- The Recent Past and Recent Future tenses, are used to talk about the past and future actions that happens within the same day. For example: I have brushed my hair (this morning), or I will have dinner at home (this evening).
- The Far Future makes reference to actions that are planned for the distant future between tomorrow and the infinite: Example: I will become a doctor (in a couple years)
|Singular||I/you/he would like to eat||Yomadir||I/you/he would eat... , if||Yomagir.., Tay|
|Plural||We/You/They would to eat||Yomadain||We/You/They would eat, if||Yomagain.., Tay|
Examples of Desire: I would like to eat Takke fish - "Yomadir yen takke peshi". The plural form would be : We would like to travel to Kreon - "Tiravedain rom aon Kreon".
With complex conditional, which involve several verbs, the Conditional verb goes at the beginning of the sentence, while the second verb goes in the verbal form we want to express: Recent Future, Recent Past, Far Past, etc..
Examples of Speculation: I would eat food if I had money - "Yomagir yen Komi, Tay yen mino henesin"
|Translation||Verb Form||Translation||Verb Form|
Example: "Sit down, Human!" - "Sintadui, Uma!" (No need of subject in the Imperative)
Negative of Verbs
The Negative of a verb action is done by putting the word "Iki" between the Verb and the subject. Iki has to go always next to the verb. In sentences with the verb at the end, Iki goes before the verb but in some dialects its place after the verb.
- She doesnt buy fruits - Bomasse iki sel firan (Informal)
- We dont buy fruits - Rom firan iki Bomasse (Formal)
To add formality to the verb, sentence structure, with the verb at the end, is considered a formal way, usually used to address superiors in ranking, such as a teacher, an old person or a doctor to show respect.
However, there is an even formal way to show respect. This is done by adding On- to the verb, to show high respect and use to address people of high status. This was inherited by the Federal tongue and in turn from the Imperial Tongue. For example: "Onyomasse yen" would mean "I Talk" in a more elegant way.
|Singular||Rich Man/Woman/Child||Aradak Monra||Araduk Munre||Aradok Enkino|
|Plural||Rich Men/Women/Children||Aradan Monran||Aradun Munren||Aradon Enkinon|
Adjectives always end in consonant and go together with the noun, taking its gender accordingly. In some dialects, the adjectives are derived by using instead ik, ek for masculine and feminine, or ak and ek, or ik and uk. Some dialects, use the four of them ak/ik or uk/ek all together. Same goes for the plural forms.
Example: "I talked to the rich woman" - "Basheren yen aon araduk munre".
- aon : to
- seron: between
- ein: in (inside)
- oen: on
- huista: until/till
- disde: since/ago
- doan: for (period of time: A lived in Kreon for 5 years)
- faon: for (reason to do something: I build houses for a living)
- tosian: towards
- saybran: by
- deboen: below
- barden: under
- enboma/anboma: above
- soroen: over
- doe: of
- sebrun: about
- fuidon: out/off
- lotan: at
- doren: from
- taron: across/ through
- untan: besides
- kesda: next to
- enda: after
- anba: before
|Alinza Nudike||United Alliance|
|Federati Intergalaxa||Intergalactic Federation|
|Imperi doe Munren||Empire of Mankind|
|Na Huino||the Union|
|Sion Republika||Republic of Sion|
|Plutokrasi doe Gish||Plutocracy of Gish|
|Confederati doe Borealis||Confederacy of Borealis|
|Keinan-udura (Lit.) doe Ekonoman Tunran Nudike //
"Commonweath" doe Ekonoman Tunran Nudike
|Commonwealth of United Economic Nations|