Surtr, a warm E-Class moon, was discovered along with Njord and Skadi in the year 2069 by an ESA FTL probe. Though Norwegian explorers visited the planet in 2073, it wasn't colonized until 10 years later in 2083.
Surtr is a warm moon. The average temperature planet wide is 40 °C. Surtr is a moon of the life bearing gas giant Skadi. Surtr orbits Skadi in 13 hours making days really short. Skadi orbits Sunna every 8.6 days. Surtr has an atmospheric pressure of 0.6, breathable by humans with a little acclimatization. The moon experiences 0.6 g's, the gravity is still comfortable for humans and causes few deteriorating effects.
Norwegian explorers visited the moon and a survey revealed that it was mineral rich with large deposits of aluminum, gold and copper. The Norwegian colonists who had come to the Sunna system took ownership of Surtr, however none had any interest in mining operations and instead wished to build a fishing industry. In 2082 the Njord colonists leased rights of the moon Surtr to the Ma'aden Alfodur (Saudi Space Mining Company). Ma'aden Alfodur was to give Njord 15% of any profits made from mining on Surtr. In addition the company had to hire a terraforming company to build a biome on Surtr. Ma'aden colony ships arrived in the year 2083 and began to set up mining operations. Terragen was hired to create a planetary eco-system for Surtr.
By 2100 Surtr had a variety of tropical fish in the oceans. Terragen had seeded reefs in the seas and Palms of various breeds began spreading along the coasts. By the year 2160 altered cacti were introduced into the desert and began spreading deeper away from the seas. Camels, sand cats, geckos and other earth desert life were alterred to handle the thinner atmosphere then released onto the surface. In the year 2224 Surtr's desert like biome was completed, 6 years later Njord's entire biome was declared complete.
In 2243 Ma'aden went bankrupt and the subsidy Ma'aden Alfodur was left to fend for itself on Surtr. The Njordic government bought Ma'aden Alfodur and a total 60% of all mining profits went to the government of Njord. With the aide of Njord however exports from Surtr quadrupled and the mining colony was more prosperous than ever. New Riyadh became a popular resort site.
During the Second Age Surtr, after the disbandment of SepMin, became a major exporter of aluminum used to build the URSS warships. in the year 2784 terrorist attacks slowed operations substantially, but again with the help of Njord, Surtr was able to come back even more prosperous. In 2976 Surtr came under heavy attack from the rebel faction during the last great war. One nuclear warhead was fired and detonated 10 miles outside of New Riyadh. All inhabitants were able to evacuate. The attack was barely repelled by the Njordic Defense Force and immediate relief was given to the victims. Thankfully very little infrastructure was damaged and operations resumed early in 2977. After 3000 following the founding of the Confederacy of Humanity rhe Surtr ruling company, Ma'aden Alfodur, provided resources for building the Confederacy's peace-keeping fleet. To this day Surtr has a booming economy providing industrial metals throughout the old-worlds and was a popular tourist destination.
In 2083 the original mining outpost had 3,000 permanent residents. The size of the mining operation grew slowly, Ma'anen Alfosur received little funding from the Saudi government or corporate headquarters on Earth. The outpost made a little profit, but were unable to grow. In the year 2242, just before Ma'anen declared bankruptcy Surtr had a population of 5,019. With the acquisition of the Njord government however the size of Surtr's operation quadrupled and its population growth rate tripled. By 2325 the outpost, New Riyadh had a population of 11,284. At this time Surtr's tropical climate made it the perfect resort getaway and many small-time tourist companies set up resorts around the moons capital city of New Riyadh. Throughout the remainder of the First Age the population of Surtr climbed steadily. A 2610 New Riyadh census listed 102,647 people living in and around New Riyadh city.
During the Second Age Surtr's growth slowed. Terrorist attack, though not as common or violent as other planets, were still not unheard of. By the year 3000 at the founding of the confederacy Surtr had a population of 524,358 inhabitants based out of New Riyadh city and surrounding cities. In the year 3091 Surtr had a population of 1,003,625 finally breaking 1 million inhabitants. A 4000 census listed 13,709,759 inhabitants on Surtr. In the 42nd century the population growth of Surtr slowed dramatically from ~0.09% to ~0.0006% a year as the desert climate away from the seas restricted population growth. In 4300 the population was 20,558,430. Even with the dwindling population growth Surtr was able to finally match the population of Njord in the year 8000 with a population of 49,389,547. In the current year, 10000 AD Surtr has a population of 54.3 million. The combined Sunna system has a population of 102.4 million inhabitants.
Early in the moon's history the first outpost of New Riyadh was established with a Coorporate Arabic culture. The people identified themselves most as Ma'anen employees or Saudi Arabian until the year 2243 when Ma'anen was disbanded and the outpost lost contact with the Saudi Arabian government. After the Njord government took the outpost under its wing many inhabitants of Surtr were extremely gratious towards the Njordic people. They began to identify themselves as Surtrian. In the mid 2250's a small group of Surtrians with bedouin heritage followed the example set by the Njordic laplanders and began nomadic life on Surtr's deserts. The remainder of the populace continued urbanizing the coasts.
Due to the influence of Njord on the people Surtrian's became more open to outsiders and much more open to other cultures. Norse accents began appearing in mosques. The resorts on New Riyadh were thriving and a few people began converting to the Vanir-Norse mythology. In 2350 the cultural population makeup was 4% Vanir-Norse, 14% Bedouin nomads and 82% traditional Islamic. The Surtrian culture has remained mostly Arabic Islamic throughout the Second and Third Ages to the current day.
Surtr is a warm terra world. It has a large south sea and a large north sea as well as an equatorial sea in the western hemisphere, but the water is not interconnected and the majority of the landmass is far from any significant bodies of water. Surtr's climate can best be described as southern mediteranean along the coasts and Saharran further inland.